Human psychology is arranged in such a way that is peculiar to him to be afraid of those who did not like him. For example, albino people , who were awarded the special nature of the genome and have white hair in a silky linen, porcelain-pale skin and almost transparent eyes. With this inheritance blonde child may appear even in Nigerian indigenous. No wonder that with such people due to a lot of prejudices, sometimes bordering on outright stupidity. Meanwhile, albino people on the planet is not so little – a percentage of the population of the globe. And therefore does not interfere to know something about them.
Albino people. Who are they?
They can be distinguished from other people without any difficulty: white hair, eyelashes, colorless, transparent, pale skin, glasses with a thick glass and portable telescopes in the hands of …
Statistics show that the number of victims of albinism (ie, the anomalies of the body, leading to the appearance of albinos ) in the United States is estimated at 17-20 thousand, regardless of race! In this albino child is born only when both parents are carriers of a particular gene, initiating albinism .
If both parents – the carriers of the gene, but they are not albinos, the probability of their baby albino – one chance in four. But (and this is a special irony genetic) If a parent of two albino , the probability of their child- albino is almost impossible.
A little about the phenomenon of albinism . The word itself comes from the Latin albus (white), and the phenomenon lies in the fact that an unidentified gene is blocked until the embryonic stage in the synthesis of the pigment – melanin.
The best known are his two main forms – orbital, ocular, and integumentary. In the first case of albinism captures the eyes, hair and skin, in the second – only her eyes. Sometimes even the so-called patchy albinism , albino when the body is covered with normal color with white spots. Sometimes the whole human skin appears as if covered with a solid white spot – a type of albinism that preserves the natural color of the iris.
And there is the so-called syndrome of the German-Pudlaka that everything described above adds a slight coagulation of blood, colitis, lung and kidney disease. In short, to be albino gives very little pleasure.
Especially goes to the eyes. Albinos usually suffer from nystagmus – a spontaneous circular motion of the eyeball, which prevents the eye is focused on any particular subject, and this is exacerbated by movements of the eyeball back and forth, strabismus, uncoordinated movements of the eyeballs and painful eye sensitivity to bright lights and shiny surfaces.
Albinos nearsightedness or farsightedness and astigmatism often suffer – blurring the visible image of the object. And all of this is due to lack of melanin in the body that plays a crucial role in the formation of normal optic nerves still on the embryonic stage.
How to live in a society of their own kind, if you are a little different from them? It would seem that they, too, two legs, two arms, head, nose, eyes and hair. Nevertheless, many superstitions surrounding albinos and absurd fabrications. Some of these superstitions are ridiculous and harmless, others – is dangerous for “colorless”. For example, the widely held view that all albino’s eyes glow an ominous red.
This is not the case. Many of them (“spotted”) – light blue or greyish eyes. But, of course, a very common phenomenon when very weakly pigmented iris albino passes light rays reflected from the retina, richly imbued with the blood vessels, and this reflected light is therefore a reddish hue.
There is also a belief that albinos do not dare show up at the sun. The point, however, is not to “dare”. They are really very high risk of skin cancer in the direct irradiation, and they can not tolerate too bright lighting. But with appropriate measures of protection (screen, sunglasses), they are no different from others.
Many believe that albinos are doomed to early death, but this, of course, nonsense: they live as much as any other. This is how myths were dispelled by tens, but still live in a society albino easy. According to statistics, whites and Beloglazov a population of not less than one percent of the total population of the planet, and it is a lot!
Today, probably, every second we know who the Indigo Children and people are albinos . About them articles, books, stories and shoot films. They are among us! And perhaps a few tens of years they will be shy with us, throwing sidelong glances, and put the myths about our eye color, hair, and intellectual abilities
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